Also called Endometrial Cancer, uterine cancer is the most common malignancy of the female reproductive organs.
The Endometrium is the lining of the Uterus and is what sheds each month during normal menstrual cycles. This tissue is prone to develop cancer, particularly after the age of 50, although about 20% of cases occur at younger ages.
There is no screening test for endometrial cancer, and it typically presents with symptoms of abnormal bleeding or postmenopausal bleeding. Other symptoms may include a bloody discharge or a brown vaginal discharge after menopause.
This cancer is typically diagnosed by your Gynecologist either in the office with an Endometrial Biopsy or in the Operating Room with a D&C (Dilation and Curettage).
Once the diagnosis is confirmed, the patient is typically referred to a Gynecologic Oncologist for further workup and treatment.
The most common treatment is surgery, hysterectomy with removal of certain pelvic lymph nodes. The surgery is most commonly done with the daVinci Xi Robot, but other approaches may be indicated.
In some cases, particularly young women who desire to maintain fertility, hormonal therapy may be helpful. This is a discussion that would take place between the patient and her Gynecologic Oncologist.